Picture Courtesy: https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/rafale-deal-centre-submits-price-details-of-aircraft-before-supreme-court-blames-upa-for-delay-1387142-2018-11-12



On 31 January 2012, Indian Ministry of Defense reported that Dassault Rafale had won the MMRCA rivalry to supply Indian Air Force with 126 airships alongside a possibility for 63 extra airplanes. The initial 18 airships were to be provided by Dassault Aviation completely constructed and the staying 108 airplane were to be made under permit by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) with the exchange of innovation from Dassault. Rafale was picked as the most reduced bidder dependent on life-cycle cost, which is a mix of the expense of securing, working expense over a span of 40 years and cost of exchange of technology.[1] The transactions with Dassault delayed over differences on guarantee for flying machine delivered by HAL. India needed Dassault to guarantee the nature of airship delivered by HAL, yet Dassault declined to do so.In January 2014, it was accounted for that the expense of the arrangement had heightened to $30 billion, with every flying machine costing $120 million.[17] In February 2014, resistance serve A. K. Antony said that the methodology of computation of life-cycle cost was being reconsidered and the agreement couldn’t be marked in monetary year 2013-14 because of budgetary constraints.

The differences over expense and guarantee for air ship delivered by HAL proceeded with, Defense serve Manohar Parrikar said that Sukhoi Su-30MKI could be procured as an option to Rafale. Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha dissented, saying that Su-30MKI and Rafale had diverse capacities and one couldn’t supplant the other. During an official visit to France in April 2015, Indian head administrator Narendra Modi declared that India would get 36 completely fabricated Rafalesrefering to “basic operational necessity”. In July 2015, safeguard serve Manohar Parrikar educated the Rajya Sabha that the delicate for 126 flying machines had been pulled back and transactions for 36 airships had begun. In January 2016, India and France marked a reminder of comprehension for securing of 36 aircraft. In September 2016, India and France consented to a between legislative arrangement (IGA) for the obtaining of 36 airships at an expense of €7.87 billion. It was accounted for that India would get 28 single-situate airplane at an expense of €91.1 million each and 8 double seat flying machine at an expense of €94 million each. The arrangement likewise included improvements explicit to Indian Air Force at an expense of €1.8 billion, the foundation of two flying machine support and update offices at an expense of €1.8 billion, a weapons bundle costing €710 million and an execution based coordination’s understanding at an expense of €353 million.

The assertion incorporated a half “counterbalance statement”, which requires the organizations associated with the consent to contribute half of the agreement esteem once more into India. Of this half, 74% or €2.9 billion would need to originate from buy of merchandise and enterprises from India. In October 2016, Reliance Group and Dassault reported the production of a 51:49 joint endeavor named Dassault Reliance Aerospace Pvt. Ltd. The joint endeavor intended to fabricate parts for Legacy Falcon 2000 arrangement of planes to satisfy Dassault’s counterbalanced commitment


The judgment of the Supreme Court rejecting the said petition of looking for an autonomous court observed examination concerning the Rafale bargain is as stunning as it is baffling. We had gone to court in the wake of making a nitty gritty grumbling to the CBI calling attention to the accompanying:

  1. The Prime Minister consented to an arrangement for 36 Rafale streams on April 10, 2015 with no such prerequisite of 36 planes given by the Indian Air Force central station and without the endorsement of the Defense Acquisition Council (DAC), which are the commanded initial steps for any guard acquirement.
  2. The IAF had in actuality been requesting no less than 126 warrior planes which had been affirmed by the DAC, tenders had been issued, 6 organizations had connected, two were short recorded lastly Dassault was chosen as the most reduced delicate. The delicate was on the premise that 126 contenders would be obtained out of which just 18 would be purchased in a prepared to fly condition and the remaining would be fabricated in India by HAL with exchange of innovation by HAL.
  3. By March 25, 2015, the delicate arrangements had been essentially finished with Dassault and the CEO of Dassault within the sight of best authorities of IAF and HAL had said that the agreement transactions were 95% finished and that the arrangement would be inked soon. There was nothing to propose that the arrangement had kept running into harsh climate. Anyway on April 10, the Prime Minister singularly marked a 36 air ship manage the French President, all to be bought in a prepared to fly condition. Therefore 126 was diminished to 36, exchange of innovation and make in India was thumped out and a provision for counterbalance accomplices was gotten. Precisely as of now Anil Ambani enlisted another organization Reliance Defense and Dassault went into an association with this organization which was to get the main part of the balance contract from this arrangement. The then French President Hollande likewise affirmed later in a meeting that the decision of Reliance Defense, a fresh out of the plastic new organization with no validity or involvement in safeguard fabricating was of the India government and the French had nothing to do with it.
  4. It from that point happened that the benchmark cost of 36 Rafale air ships was settled by three senior authorities in the cost arranging board, at 5.2 billion euros. Anyway, this cost was singularly expanded by the bureau board of trustees on security headed by the Prime Minister to 8.2 billion euros and the agreement was at last granted for 7.2 billion euros. The per air ship cost for the 36-airplane bargain comes to around Rs 1650 crore. This can be diverged from the cost referenced by the then Defense Minister Parrikar himself in a meeting following April 10, 2015 where he said that the 126 airplanes in the prior arrangement would have cost around 90000 crores which is about Rs 715 crore for each air ship.


It was on these realities which were altogether recorded in the objection to the CBI, that looked for a court observed examination (when the CBI did not enlist a FIR on our dissension which is required according to law).

The court’s judgment of December 14 2018, does not address the reported actualities expressed in our appeal to or even manage our fundamental supplication looking for an examination.

Despite what might be expected, it continues on the premise that we were testing the agreement itself and utilizations the realities expressed by the legislature either in the short open sworn statement recorded or maybe actualities guaranteed in the fixed cover gave just to the court which was never imparted to us. Indeed, a portion of the certainties referenced in the court judgment are not on record and are plainly off base.

[1]Pandit, Rajat (1 February 2012). “French jet Rafale bags $20bn IAF fighter order; India ‘briefs’ losing European countries”The Times of India.

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